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No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)

General Information

School Information
  • Requires that the schools distribute personal information of every student enrolled to military recruiters and institutions of higher education, unless the student opts out
  • Schools which receive Title I funding must make “Adequate Yearly Progress” (AYP) in test scores (ex. each year, its fifth graders must do better on standardized tests than the previous years)
  • Requires that schools disaggregate the annual progress of individual subgroups of students, including all racial and ethnic groups, as well as students with disabilities and English language learners
  • Requires that all state education agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs) provide a proposal for annually boosting the percentage of teachers of core content areas who are deemed “highly qualified” under the law
    • Highly qualified – hold at least a bachelor’s degree, be fully certified by the state or pass a state teacher-licensing examination, and demonstrate subject-matter competency
  • Assessments must:
    • Be the same for all students
    • Be designed to be valid and accessible for the most students possible including those with disabilities and English language learners
      • Those students with the most significant cognitive disabilities may take alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards as determined by IEP team and state
    • Be aligned with state standards
    • Be reliable
    • Be supported by evidence
    • Be administered according to law’s time line
    • Involved multiple measures of student achievement
    • Objectively measure academic achievement, knowledge and skills without assessing personal information
    • Provide for the participation of all students in all grades being assessed
    • Produce reports that disaggregate data on student subgroups, including students with disabilities
    • Enable itemized score analyses to be reported to districts & schools
Violation Information
  • If a Title I school fails to meet AYP for two years, it’s put on a list of "failing schools" published in the local paper and parents are given the option to transfer to another school. If it does not meet AYP for a third year, then it must provide supplemental services for its low-income students
  • Supplemental services – service that are:
    • in addition to normal daily instruction
    • designed to boost students’ learning and proficiency in areas covered by state assessments
    • high quality and research-based